Barataria is located in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, the United States. It is part of the New Orleans–Metairie–Kenner Metropolitan Statistical Area.
In 2010, US census, the population was 1,109.
The name of Barataria comes from Bayou Barataria. It was a tributary of Barataria Bay south of New Orleans. Historically, the took its name from the fictional island awarded to Sancho Panza to govern, as a prank in Part II of Don Quixote.
Barataria is located in south-central Jefferson Parish at 29°42′54″N 90°6′58″W (29.715121, -90.116024), on the west side of Bayou Barataria and just east of Lake Salvador which is famous for fishing. It is bordered to the east, across Bayou Barataria, by the town of Jean Lafitte and the unincorporated community of Lafitte. Barataria is 23 miles (37 km) south of New Orleans.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the Barataria CDP has a total area of 4.8 square miles (12.4 km2), of which 4.3 square miles (11.1 km2) are land and 0.50 square miles (1.3 km2), or 10.75%, are water.